(1.School of Physical Education，Hunan University of Technology，Zhuzhou 412008，China； 2.Postdoctoral Working Station of Physical Education，Fujian Normal University，Fuzhou 350108，China 3.School of Physical Education，Hunan First Normal University，Changsha 410205，China)
Abstract: In order to find out when and thought what channels did the ancient Chinese Wushu books spread to North Korea and Japan and to know what kind of impact on the reproduction of Wushu books in East Asia and what kind of communication were realized, by using the methods of literature review and historical research, on the basis of presenting the historical appearance of the the “Book Road” in ancient East Asia, related historical data in ancient China, Korea and Japan was analyzed. And the work is drawn: Most of the ancient Chinese Wushu books, such as “Ji Xiao Xin Shu” and “Wu Bei Zhi” were introduced to North Korea and Japan in the Ming and Qing dynasties through the “Book Road” among China, Korea and Japan. After those books were introduced to foreign countries, localized regeneration was realized through republication of originals, book forming with partial content extracts, translation and annotation, and Wushu book new editing referring on Chinese Wushu books, driving forward the widespread of traditional Chinese Wushu culture in East Asia. Some of these remade foreign Wushu books found their way back to China via the “Book Road”, forming a circular two-way exchange channel of east Asian Wushu books, which has enriched China's historical understanding of the Wushu books in other countries and created a stable interaction space for breeding a homogenous east Asian Wushu culture. Based on the history of east Asian Wushu exchanges presented in the “Book Road”, Chinese traditional Wushu culture can be viewed in a broader historical dimension so as to show its source status in east Asia and clarify the worldwide significance of Chinese Wushu culture.
Keywords: the history of Wushu；Book Road；martial arts；Wushu books；East Asian