(1.Department of Physical Education，Tsinghua University，Beijing 100084，China；
2.School of Physical Education and Health Sciences，Zhejiang Normal University，Jinhua 321004，China)
Abstract: The theory of fitness education is an important work of LIN Xiao-feng in his later years, collecting the essence of LIN Xiao-feng's physical education thought, who in this book has originally constructs the theoretical system of "fitness education theory" by discussing the contents of fitness, fitness studies and fitness classes. In this paper, taking "fitness education theory" as the research focus, this paper analyzes the theoretical origin, thought framework and practical value of LIN Xiao-feng's "fitness education theory". The research shows that: (1) the "fitness education theory" is the inheritance and development of the "real physical education"; (2) the core points of the "fitness education theory" are as follows: fitness and sports should be interdependent, fitness science should be the main business of school physical education, physical education should take fitness education as its own work; (3) HAN Dan's query on "fitness education theory" shows that he is different from LIN Xiao-feng’s academic pursuit; (4) the contemporary value of "fitness education theory" are reflected in the following three aspects: it helps arouse the public's reflection on the sports function, and provides guidance for the cultivation of individuals’ healthy consciousness and behaviors, as well as a scheme for the deep integration of physical education and health education.
Key words: physical education thought；fitness education theory；real physical education；value of the times；LIN Xiao-feng