(Shool of Physical Education and Health，East China Normal University，Shanghai 200241，China)
Abstract: There are many theoretical problems and deficiencies in the reform orientation of physical education (PE) as a compulsory exam subject for the secondary school and college, and as a major subject of the entrance exam for the secondary school, which are mainly reflected in the direct or extreme correlation between PE exam (items) and physical education and health, as well as the neglect of the relationship between PE entrance exam for the secondary school and college and the right to education, talent cultivation and social value system. This article suggests that: (1) the PE exam (item) is separate from physical education in a sense, which may lead to the alienation of school physical education. This is mainly due to the fact that physical education’s essences and attributes related to school physical education including humanities and qualities cannot be reflected in PE exam, and the orientation of individualization-strength conditioning and quantification of PE exam will lead to the decomposition and alienation of school physical education essence. (2) The PE exam (item) is separate from health to a large extent and may contradict health mechanisms. (3) PE entrance exam for the secondary school and college and the major subject will challenge the right to education and educational equity, and he core problem is that students’ right to education should not be affected by some non-basic sports abilities incompetence. (4) PE entrance exam for the secondary school and college and the major subject will have an impact on the school talent cultivation system and social value system. The above problems are structural and fundamental to a large extent which are difficult to solve from the operational layer.
Key words: school physical education；physical education entrance exam for the secondary school and college；physical health；the right to education；educational equality；sports ability；major subject