（1.Jilin Sport University，Changchun 130022，China；2.School of Physical Education，Shandong University，Jinan 250061，China；3.National Engineering Research Center for Sports Goods，
Dezhou 253600，China；4.Taishan Sports Industry Group，Dezhou 253600，China)
Abstract: In the context of China, the perfection of the sports governance system relies on the organic unification of government embedment and single event sports association autonomy. Starting with the theoretical context of evolution of the relationship between the government and society, and by refereeing to the embedment governance theory, the authors put forward the analysis framework of government embedment and association autonomy, analyzed the realistic predicament of the relationship between the government and the associations, and finally put forward some reform strategies. In the author’s opinion, government system embedment gives single event sports associations a legitimate foundation, organization embedment ensures that the associations’ actions conform to the state’s macroscopic strate-gies, interest embedment expands single event associations survival space for acquiring resources, while association autonomy is the fundamental requirement of legal person status. But at present, missing system embedment, mal-positioned organization embedment, insufficient interest embedment and incomplete local single event association legal person autonomy have caused the unbalance between government embedment and association autonomy. Next, we should, in system embedment, build a legalized system environment, and specify the nature, power and status of single event associations; in organization embedment, adjust hub type social organizations’ function of mediation with the party organization, and innovate on the supervision system; in interest embedment, strengthen the standardization function of government purchasing service and performance evaluation; while single event associations ultimately achieve the balance between government embedment and association autonomy by constructing the legal person gov-ernance structure, completing governance rules, and improving survival abilities to realize association autonomy.
Key words: sports management；embedment governance；social organization legal person；autonomy；local single event sports association；relationship between the government and society