（School of Physical Education，Changsha University of Science & Technology，Changsha 410114，China)
Abstract: The author probed into the cognition diversion and promotion mode transformation of spiritual practice in the process of Yoga modernization and its influence. In the traditional cultural environment, Yoga is a way of self cultivation for fulfilling religious purposes in native Indian religion, an important path for achieving the state of self consummation in traditional philosophy, a means of achieving “the union of Brahman and me” through isolated and arduous self cultivation. In the process of modernization, Yoga realized the cognition diversion of spiritual practice by ways of blending mind philosophy, introducing worldly objectives, and blending into reality life, etc. In the process of modern Yoga popularization, popularization mode transformation was realized by ways of enhancing subject diversity, form contemporariness and content functionality etc, which provides boosting power for world-wide “Yoga enthusiasm”, also provides inspirations to traditional Chinese sports development and communication.
Key words: traditional national sports；Yoga；spiritual practice；cognition diversion；mode transformation；union of Brahman and me