|（1.School of Physical Education，Guizhou Normal University，Guiyang 550001，China；2.Guizhou Sports School，Guiyang 550002，China；3.School of Physical Education，Taishan University，Taian 271021，China；4.School of Physical Education，Hunan City University，Yiyang 413000，China)
Abstract: Subjectivity absence in sports social organizations in China is the result of joint functioning of such 3 factors as “field domain”, “capital” and “habit”. Sports objective orientation and “nationwide system” establishment set up the sports internal action framework, relying on their own political capital and economic capital, sports government departments obtain initiative inside the field domain, establish the sports domain’s particular action logic and rules, and guide sports social or-ganizations’ practical behaviors. Sports government departments’ administrative habits such as directive, control and inter-vention contain the development of sports social organizations; sports social organizations’ government relying habit makes them lose independence in terms of fund, norm and specialized technology etc; while traditional cultural habits make sports social organizations in China lose social recognition and support. In the authors’ opinion, capital inside the sports field do-main should be readjusted, and a new field domain structure should be set up; government departments should get rid of ad-ministrative habits, and gradually transfer power to lower levels; sports social organizations must get rid of internalized rely-ing habits, and enhance their own independence in terms of fund, norm and specialized technology etc; common people should gradually break traditional thinking confinement, and build up recognition to sports social organizations.
Key words: sports social organization；subjectivity；field domain theory；Bourdieu