|（1.School of Education and Physical Education，Bohai University，Jinzhou 121013，China；2.Department of Physical Education，Bohai University，Jinzhou 121013，China；3.Department of Physical Education，Dalian Medical University，Dalian 116044，China)
Abstract: On the basis of tracing the origin of the “stereotype” theory, the authors revealed the causes for the pro-duction of the negative “stereotype” of sports persons and the ways out for sports persons to get rid of such social “stereotype” nowadays, so as to provide a theoretical and practical basis for sports persons to recognize existing “stereotype”, to correct negative “stereotype”, and to actively build a sports person image filled with “positive en-ergy”. The authors conclude the causes for the “stereotype” of sports persons as follows: from the perspective of so-ciety, it is mainly caused by such historical loads as saving the nation and founding the country they once bore; from the perspective of education, it is caused by behavior anomie due to cultural learning chain breakage; from the per-spective of physiology, it is caused by the unbalance between motional and stationary states due to a high hormone level over a long period of time; from the perspective of body philosophy, it is caused by the generalization of body language. The authors pointed out that in order to escape from the shackles of stereotype sports persons must try to understand the causes and attributes of stereotype, fully recognize the relationship between individuals and groups, restrict their own behaviors with social conventions, enhance the competitiveness of school physical education un-der the guidance of interest, and correct the public’s relatively shallow understanding of sports.
Key words: sports psychology；sports person；stereotype