|（1.Marxism Institute，Liaocheng University，Liaocheng 252059，China；
2.Finance Department，Liaocheng University，Liaocheng 252059，China)
Abstract: In order to probe into modern sports’ special meaning to children and nation liberation in a period when a country/nation was in peril, the authors reviewed and analyzed modern children sports development in Shanghai between 1927 and 1937, and found that although the nation was in peril in this period, western modern sports be-came an important content in the life of citizens in Shanghai, modern children sports were booming, children par-ticipated in school physical education and social sports activities extensively and throughout their daily life. Modern children sports have not only satisfied epochal needs, but also acquired its own development, and provided realistic inspirations to children sports development today; during children sports development, we should respect children growing characteristics, while ways of activities should be flexible and diverse; children sports reflect epochal de-mands, and realize the benign interaction between sports and social development.
Key words: sports history；children sports；children’s life；nation liberation；1927—1937；Shanhai