|（1.School of Physical Education，Liaoning Normal University，Dalian 116029，China；2.Department of Physical Education，Dalian Jiaotong University，Dalian 116028，China)
Abstract: The authors studied problems existing in the process of implementation of National Fitness Test Standards (Children’s Part) in order to perfect the children fitness measurement and evaluation system, so that it serves better for children physical health. The authors found problems existing in the process of implementation of National Fitness Test Standards (Children’s Part) (hereinafter referred to as the Standards) such as poor popularity, scientifically insufficient measurement system, backward evaluation and feedback system, not standardized test procedures etc, which had af-fected the embodiment of the scientific value of the Standards. Hence, based on the 4 problems stated and from the perspective of a practitioner, the authors interpreted the internal structure of the Standards, dissected causes for the problems stated, and put forward the following strategic suggestions: 1)enhance the popularity of children fitness test from such 3 aspects as policy based support, exerting the functions of kindergartens and promoting parent understand-ing (exerting the advantages of parent involved children sports); 2)scientifically standardize test items in order to per-fect the measurement system; 3)exert the guiding function of the state and the mediating function of kindergartens in order to consummate the evaluation and feedback system; 4)standardize test procedures.
Key words: sports management；National Fitness Test Standards；fitness test；children；China