|（1.School of Physical Education，South China Normal University，Guangzhou 510006，China；2.Guangzhou Sport University，Guangzhou 510500，China)
Abstract: So far since the reform and opening, school physical education guiding ideologies implemented in China have presented a situation of coexistence of such 4 ideologies as quality education, student-oriented, lifetime sports and health first, which have respective focuses: quality education is the reform background of school physical edu-cation, student-oriented is the value orientation, lifetime sports is the ultimate goal, health first is the working guide-line, but they are futile for solving the problem of student fitness deterioration. Based on their theoretical analysis and historical research, the authors concluded that the fitness education ideology is target-specific for improving student fitness; however, it needs to be enhanced as time passes. Finally, the authors built a level clearly defined, key point highlighted, responsibility specified, strong point utilized, diversified, integrated school physical educa-tion guiding ideological system based on the idea that “the whole is greater than the sum of the parts”.
Key words: school physical education；physical education guiding ideology；quality education；student-oriented；lifelong sports；health first；fitness education