|（Department of Physical Education，Xinghua College of Sun Yat-Sen University，Guangzhou 510520，China）
Abstract: Objects focused on by previous sport were mostly collectives, and in the form of military and physical education, sport concentrated too much on collective interests, but neglected individuals, and the constitutional en-hancement, and the nature of sports competition and entertainment of individuals. Current sport should consider collectives and individuals equally important, base on individuals, focus on and satisfy the sport needs of individu-als, thus realize the dream to become a sport powerful nation. The issue of collectives and individuals is an “issue of who”; in institutional enhancement, material interests, and the nature of sports competition and entertainment, there is a sequence, i.e. an “issue of sequence”, which is so-called sport “order”. By aiming at this issue, we should make a study of the “is” and “should” of sport order, i.e. examine the “is” of the history of sport order, then analyze its objectives and modes of realization, and further put forward norms and requirements for sport order on the basis of clarifying the trend of development of sport order.
Key words: essence of sport；sport order；“issue of who”；“issue of sequence”；individual；collective