|（School of Physical Education，South China Normal University，Guangzhou 510006，China）
Abstract: Tracing back to China’s sport system since the establishment of China, the so called “nationwide system” formed in the 1980s is a sport system that is highly administratively monopolistic and completely compatible with the planned economic society. The characteristics of the competitive sports system in China include the followings: the government is in an absolutely dominating position, setting the Olympic Games as the highest level of competi-tive sports, and adopting a training system that depends mainly on the long term training of professional sports teams, and a competition system that bases its core on the “National Games”. The injury and sickness problems of athletes, the failure to show the ultimate care for athletes, and the decrease of the number of backup talents, have become the humanistic price paid by the competitive sports management system in China; whether competitive sports being public products, the difficulty for sport competitions to release their burdens, and the high cost for ban-ning stimulants, have become the economic price paid by the competitive sport management system in China; the government standing on the cutting edge of political risks in competitive sports, competition results being turned into lies, and the fair competition mechanism being damaged, have become the political price paid by the competi-tive sports management system in China.
Key words: science of sport management；management mechanism；competitive sports；China