|（1.School of Physical Education，Hubei University，Wuhan 430062，China；
2.Department of Physical Education，Wuhan University of Technology，Wuhan 430070，China）
Abstract: The authors analyzed the symptoms of, causes for and current state of mental traumas caused to elemen-tary and middle school students in the Wenchuan earthquake disaster area, probed into the principles, methods and functions for sports activities to correct mental traumas in terms of physiological mechanism and practice. The re-sults indicated that sports activities have unique advantages and positive functions in intervening mental traumas of elementary and middle school students in the disaster area. In the process of intervention implementation, corre-sponding sports events should be selected, activity intensity, time and frequency should be controlled, a harmonious sports atmosphere should be created, and activity forms which the students are interested in should be selected, ac-cording to different symptoms of mental traumas of elementary and middle school students in the disaster area, and verbal and physical instructions given by physical education teachers should be emphasized, so as to guide the stu-dents to eliminate mental disorders gradually.
Key words: physical education psychology；mental trauma；primary and middle school students in the disaster area