|（Sport Events Research Center，Shanghai University of Sport，Shanghai 200438，China）
Abstract: The author reviewed and summarized the reform to substantiate single event sports associations in China since the reform and opening, and divided the reform to substantiate the associations into 4 stages according to characteristics of its development, namely, reform preparation stage that bases mainly on ideological and theoretical exploration, preliminary experiment stage in which some single event associations are substantiated on trial, ex-periment and popularization stage of the reform that bases its organization form on sports event management cen-ters, as well as deployment and adjustment stage in which event management centers and offices joining with the associations are ultimately adopted universally. It is evident that the reform to substantiate the associations is the inevitable result of economic system reform and governmental function transformation, and also the inevitable re-quirement for the sports undertaking to adapt to the new situation and get on the track of international development. The reform is carried out in a way from the top to the bottom, showing characteristics of gradually processing and repeating, and, while making certain achievements, facing many new problems and challenges, which mainly in-clude low efficiency caused by ambiguous association functions and orientation, possible power trade and corrup-tion, lagged construction of local and fundamental associations and clubs, and limited roles played by the associa-tions in terms of mass sport and nationwide fitness.
Key words: single event sports association；sports event management center；substantive reform；China