|（Editorial Department of Journal，PLA Institute of Physical Education，Guangzhou 510500，China）
Abstract: The conduct of the 17th Conference of Chinese Communist Party and the establishment of the view of scientific development have set the basic direction of development for various undertakings of China. According to the requirements of the view of scientific development, the following predictions can be made: as for Chinese sports after Olympic Games 2008, in terms of guiding ideology, the change from gold medal utmost to people orientated management and health first will be made; in terms of key jobs in strategic development, the shift from pursuing Olympic glory to nationwide fitness will be realized; in terms of system, administrative management will be turned into socialized management; major reform will be carried out for the competition system, training system, sports professional assurance system and such. Governmental departments should change their roles, undertake the re-sponsibilities for establishing development strategies, providing public service, maintaining fair competition, and promoting harmonious development, and gradually establish a big socialized and market oriented department sys-tem that bases its principal body on social organizations; for the development of the sports undertaking, we should change the tendency of overly interest seeking, and make more efforts to embody its welfare characteristics, so that sports development will benefit all people; for the training of competitive sports talents, we should change the mode of cultivation of minority elites only, and blend the training into the national education system as soon as possible; the occupational attribute and social assurance of sports talents will be highly regarded, sports will play a more and more important role in such aspects as enhancing citizen fitness, promoting social harmony and boosting the con-struction of socialistic culture.
Key words: post-Olympics；the view of scientific development；strategies for sports development；sports system reform